Canada Studies Sites
O Canada!

From Grades 1 to 10, there is a study of Canada within the Social Studies program. In the Grade 4, Language Arts text: Journeys Within, there is a thematic unit with Canadian material. The following sites can be used for every level and to the requirements necessary for each. To view the related curriculum sections for each grade, follow the links below. This page is not meant to include everything that you need for these courses, but should give you a start. There are plenty of links out there and some of those provided here will likely lead you to your final destination.

Although I originally created this page for teachers, it may be of interest to others who want to learn more about Canada. The links were recently confirmed and edited, but I cannot guarantee the links on sites created by other people (i.e. NetSteps.)

Let's Explore the Country


Canadian History


Notable People of Canada

Canada Culture & Traditions


Test Your Canadian IQ


Other Canadian Links

'NetSteps: Created by Alberta Teachers on the site


Curriculum Connections


Canadian Humour

Alberta Curriculum Connections abbreviated for each grade level:

Grade 1: Canadian Families Grade 2: People in Canada Grade 3: Special Communities
Grade 4: Alberta (& Quebec) Grade 5: Canada Grade 6: Human Needs (Local Government)
Grade 7: People & Their Culture Grade 8: History & Geography Grade 9: Economic Growth
Grade 10: Canada in the Modern World (Social 10 & 13)

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Let's Explore The Country

Canada is a large and diverse country. It is the second largest country in the world in area. To view a map of the country there are many sites available, and many can allow you to further search each area of the country. To find out more about the demographic and other information about Canada, the following links will be helpful. The country is made up of 10 provinces and 3 territories. The Canadian government site provides a link to all the government sites for each province and territory. The coat of arms is shown for each one.

To view a map of each of the provinces and territories, select the one you want to see, they are listed from west to east. Some of the sites have plenty more information. They are varying types of views and from these sites you could link to the other provinces if you wish.

British Columbia Alberta Saskatchewan Manitoba Ontario
Quebec New Brunswick Nova Scotia Prince Edward Island Newfoundland

Yukon Territory Northwest Territories Nunavut Territory

Canadian History:

Founded in 1867, Canada may be young but it has an interesting history. There are plenty of books written about it, but with the web there are now also plenty of sites for students and the average surfer to learn more about it.

Notable People of Canada:

Everyone has a different definition of what a hero is. One of the suggested projects for the O' Canada theme in the language arts text for grade 4 has students exploring Canadian Heroes and mention the Order of Canada. The following sites helps use answer these questions.

Canada Culture & Traditions:

Test Your Canadian IQ:

'NetSteps: Created by Alberta Teachers on the site

Other Canadian Links


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Curriculum Explanations

Alberta Education Program of Studies
and the Telus Learning curriculum explanation for all Social Studies.

This study is the first formal orientation to Canada as a multicultural society. The common elements of family life will be explored as well as the traditions of families. The families to be studied should be chosen according to the interests and backgrounds of students. Traditions of Canadian families should be examined by focusing on several of the following: language, food, clothing, special days, celebrations, music, crafts and recreation. The intent of this study is to help students recognize the similarities and uniqueness of Canadian families and to help them view these similarities and differences as positive aspects of a multicultural society.

This study focuses on the people in different Canadian communities and how these people meet their needs. Emphasis in the unit will be on homes, schools, occupations and recreation in each of three or more different communities; e.g., farm, town, inner city, fishing village, Indian reservation, suburb, acreage, their similarities and differences, and the reasons why these exist. The intent of this study is to develop an understanding that people in Canadian communities have similar needs that may be met in a variety of ways.


This study focuses on one or more communities in which people are attempting to perpetuate a distinctive lifestyle. The people may live in or belong to a culturally distinctive community. Communities selected for this multicultural study should be located in Alberta and/or Canada. One of the studies will focus on a Contemporary Native community (Indian, Metis, Inuit). The intent of the unit is to develop an increased sensitivity to the cultures and lifestyles of other Canadians and an awareness that interaction with other people may bring about change.


This study focuses on the geography of Alberta; the regions and natural resources. Throughout the unit, emphasis is placed on the interrelationships between people and their environment, as well as the impact people have on their environment. How natural resources are used and the resulting impact on Albertans and the environment are examined. Choose two natural resources; e.g., oil, water, forests, coal, land; one renewable and one non-renewable resource, for an in-depth study. The intent of the unit is to develop an increased sensitivity to the importance of using natural resources wisely.

This study focuses on the people who have contributed to Alberta’s history and development, beginning with the original inhabitants, and tracing the people in Alberta’s history. It focuses on the lives of Albertans through the following case studies:A Native community, a fur trading settlement, and one or more of the following: a homestead settlement (1890–1939); immigration of a specific group, or immigration into a specific area (1880–1930); the Great Depression (1929–1939); World War II (1939–1945); boom years (1947–). The intent of this study is to show students that a changing world often results in a changing lifestyle. The approach of selecting specific people and/or events for an in-depth historical study is intended to develop an interest in and an appreciation of people and events in history. It is not a chronological political history.

This study focuses on the similarities between Alberta and Quebec. Geography, resources, occupations, leisure activities, language and customs will be compared in the study, but the main emphasis is on people. The links that exist between the provinces as well as the contributions of Albertans and Québécois to the Canadian way of life are examined. Quebec was chosen to provide a comparative study of an area where there are some aspects of culture and language that are different from Alberta. The intent of the unit is to develop an awareness of Canada as a bilingual country, and to develop understanding, appreciation and increased sensitivity to another region of Canada that has similarities and differences.


This study focuses on the human and physical geography of Canada. The study includes people in Canada; where they live; how they make their living and how they relate to their environment (climate, vegetation, natural resources, physical features, land use). The intent of this unit is to develop an awareness of the diversity in Canada’s physical geography and an understanding of the role geography plays in determining where and how Canadians live.

Students investigate some of the historical events and issues relating to the discovery, exploration and settlement of New France and the Hudson Bay area. Major emphasis should be placed on the intercultural contact that occurred among Natives, explorers, missionaries and settlers in these two areas. The Native groups to be studied should include examples from Eastern Canada with whom the French and British interacted during this time. Explorers studied should include Cabot, Cartier, Champlain, Hudson, Frobisher, Kelsey, Radisson and Groseilliers. The study should focus on the French settlers in New France and the British settlers in the Hudson Bay area. The intent of the study is to develop an understanding of the intercultural contact between Europeans and the Natives, and to develop an awareness of the origin of the bilingual nature of Canada. It should also develop an appreciation of and an interest in our Canadian heritage, as well as an understanding of how learning from history can help us better understand Canada today. This topic is not a chronological study of Canadian history; rather, it is a selected study of several events with an emphasis on the people of that time period (a social history up to the 1800s). Political history will be a topic of study in Grade 8.

Students examine how Canada is linked to the United Kingdom, France and the United States. Links such as language, values and beliefs, trade, communication, leisure activities and fine arts exist between Canada and each of these countries. After a brief examination of the links that existed in the exploration and settlement periods, students will focus on an in-depth examination of several links that exist today. The intent of the study is to develop an understanding of how other countries have influenced and continue to influence our way of life.


This study focuses on the involvement of the individual at the different levels of government and an awareness of the needs met by the local, provincial and federal governments. The emphasis will be on local government as well as other examples of municipal governments in Alberta. The major emphasis should be placed on the rights of citizens and their responsibilities to others when exercising those rights. The intent of this study is to develop an understanding of how individual and societal needs are met by local government, as well as to become aware of an individual’s role as a responsible citizen.


The intent of this study is to help students develop an understanding of the bilingual and of the multicultural nature of Canada. Students will study this topic using the basic understanding of culture developed in Topic 7A. They will examine a variety of cultural groups, one of which shall be Metis, Indian or Inuit.


The intent of this study is to help students develop an understanding of the relationship of geography to patterns of life in Canada and the United States. Students will study the geography of Canada and the United States.

The intent of this study is to help students develop a greater understanding of Canada. Students will study the historical development of Canada to the present century.


The intent of this study is to help students understand technological change and its effect on the quality of life within a mixed economy so that they can make informed choices about economic growth. Students will study economic growth and technological change in the Canadian context.


Social Studies 10: Canada in the Modern World

Students will acquire an understanding of forces and events that have influenced the development of Canada and are shaping the lives of Canadians today. This study will focus on the achievement and maintenance of Canada’s sovereignty, the effects of regionalism and the development of a national identity.

Social Studies 13: Canada in the Modern World

Canada has evolved into a sovereign nation with a unique identity. In order to understand the development of their country as a nation and its role in the world community, students will examine some of the forces that have shaped Canada and the factors that give Canadians their unique identity. The object of this study is to provide students with the knowledge and skills necessary to participate more effectively as citizens of Canada and the world.

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Electronic Textbook created by Dianne Hauschildt; August 1, 1999

You know you’re a Canadian when…

  1. You only know three spices: salt, pepper and ketchup.
  2. You design your Halloween costume to fit over a snowsuit.
  3. The mosquitoes have landing lights.
  4. You have more miles on your snow blower than your car.
  5. You have 10 favorite recipes for moose meat.
  6. Canadian Tire on any Saturday is busier than the toy stores at Christmas.
  7. You live in a house that has no front step, yet the door is one meter above the ground.
  8. You've taken your kids trick-or-treating in a blizzard.
  9. Driving is better in the winter because the potholes are filled in with snow.
  10. You think sexy lingerie is tube-socks and a flannel nightie with only 8 buttons.
  11. You owe more money on your snowmobile than your car.
  12. The local paper covers national and international headlines on 2 pages, but requires 6 pages for hockey.
  13. At least twice a year, the kitchen doubles as a meat processing plant.
  14. The most effective mosquito repellent is a shotgun.
  15. Your snowblower gets stuck on the roof.
  16. You think the start of deer season is a national holiday.
  17. You head south to go to your cottage.
  18. You frequently clean grease off your barbecue so the bears won't prowl on your deck.
  19. You know which leaves make good toilet paper.
  20. The major parish fund-raiser isn't bingo it's sausage making.
  21. You find -40C a little chilly.
  22. The trunk of your car doubles as a deep freeze.
  23. You attend a formal event in your best clothes, your finest jewellery and your Sorrels.
  24. You can play road hockey on skates.
  25. You know 4 seasons: Winter, Still Winter, almost Winter and Construction.
  26. The municipality buys a Zamboni before a bus.
  27. You understand the Labatt Blue commercials.
  28. You perk up when you hear the theme from "Hockey Night in Canada".
  29. You actually get these jokes and forward them to all your Canadian friends.

Return to main pages: Introduction, Contents, Assignments